Man in his anxieties is prone to witch hunts.
All one has to do is designate “people wearing black caps” as the villains and one can start a slaughter of people in black caps.
This characteristic makes it very easy for the antisocial personality to bring about a chaotic or dangerous environment.
Man is not naturally brave or calm in his human state. And he is not necessarily villainous.
Even the antisocial personality, in his warped way, is quite certain that he is acting for the best and commonly sees himself as the only good person around, doing all for the good of everyone-the only flaw in his reasoning being that if one kills everyone else, none are left to be protected from the imagined evils. His conduct in his environment and toward his fellows is the only method of detecting either the antisocial or the social personalities. Their motives for self are similar-self-preservation and survival. They simply go about achieving these in different ways.
Thus, as man is naturally neither calm nor brave, anyone to some degree tends to be alert to dangerous persons and, hence, witch hunts can begin.
It is therefore even more important to identify the social personality than the antisocial personality. One then avoids shooting the innocent out of mere prejudice or dislike or because of some momentary misconduct.
The social personality can be defined most easily by comparison with his opposite, the antisocial personality.
This differentiation is easily done and no test should ever be constructed which isolates only the antisocial. On the same test must appear the upper as well as lower ranges of man’s actions.
A test that declares only antisocial personalities without also being able to identify the social personality would be itself a suppressive test. It would be like answering “Yes” or “No” to the question “Do you still beat your wife?” Anyone who took it could be found guilty. While this mechanism might have suited the times of the Inquisition, it would not suit modern needs.
As the society runs, prospers and lives solely through the efforts of social personalities, one must know them as they, not the antisocial, are the worthwhile people. These are the people who must have rights and freedom. Attention is given to the antisocial solely to protect and assist the social personalities in the society.
All majority rules, civilizing intentions and even the human race will fail unless one can identify and thwart the antisocial personalities and help and forward the social personalities in the society. For the very word “society” implies social conduct and without it there is no society at all, only a barbarism with all men, good or bad, at risk.
The frailty of showing how the harmful people can be known is that these then apply the characteristics to decent people to get them hunted down and eradicated.
The swan song of every great civilization is the tune played by arrows, axes or bullets used by the antisocial to slay the last decent men.
Government is only dangerous when it can be employed by and for antisocial personalities. The end result is the eradication of all social personalities and the resultant collapse of Egypt, Babylon, Rome, Russia or the West.
You will note in the characteristics of the antisocial personality that intelligence is not a clue to the antisocial. They are bright or stupid or average. Thus, those who are extremely intelligent can rise to considerable, even head-of-state heights.
Importance and ability or wish to rise above others are likewise not indexes to the antisocial. When they do become important or rise, they are, however, rather visible by the broad consequences of their acts. But they are as likely to be unimportant people or hold very lowly stations and wish for nothing better.
Thus, it is the twelve given characteristics alone which identify the antisocial personality. And these same twelve reversed are the sole criteria of the social personality if one wishes to be truthful about them.
The identification or labeling of an antisocial personality cannot be done honestly and accurately unless one also, in the same examination of the person, reviews the positive side of his life.
All persons under stress can react with momentary flashes of antisocial conduct. This does not make them antisocial personalities.
The true antisocial person has a majority of antisocial characteristics.
The social personality has a majority of social characteristics.
Thus, one must examine the good with the bad before one can truly label the antisocial or the social.
In reviewing such matters, very broad testimony and evidence are best. One or two isolated instances determine nothing. One should search all twelve social and all twelve antisocial characteristics and decide on the basis of actual evidence, not opinion.
The twelve primary characteristics of the social personality are as follows:
1. The social personality is specific in relating circumstances. “Joe Jones said...” “The Star newspaper reported...” and gives sources of data where important or possible.
He may use the generality of “they” or “people” but seldom in connection with attributing statements or opinions of an alarming nature.
2. The social personality is eager to relay good news and reluctant to relay bad.
He may not even bother to pass along criticism when it doesn’t matter.
He is more interested in making another feel liked or wanted than disliked by others and tends to err toward reassurance rather than toward criticism.
3. A social personality passes communication without much alteration and if deleting anything tends to delete injurious matters.
He does not like to hurt people’s feelings. He sometimes errs in holding back bad news or orders which seem critical or harsh.
4. Treatment and reform work very well on the social personality.
Whereas antisocial people sometimes promise to reform, they do not. Only the social personality can change or improve easily.
It is often enough to point out unwanted conduct to a social personality to completely alter it for the better.
Criminal codes and violent punishment are not needed to regulate social personalities.
5. The friends and associates of a social personality tend to be well, happy and of good morale.
A truly social personality quite often produces betterment in health or fortune by his mere presence on the scene.
At the very least he does not reduce the existing levels of health or morale in his associates.
When ill, the social personality heals or recovers in an expected manner, and is found open to successful treatment.
6. The social personality tends to select correct targets for correction.
He fixes the tire that is flat rather than attack the windscreen.
In the mechanical arts he can therefore repair things and make them work.
7. Cycles of action begun are ordinarily completed by the social personality, if possible.
8. The social personality is ashamed of his misdeeds and reluctant to confess them. He takes responsibility for his errors.
9. The social personality supports constructive groups and tends to protest or resist destructive groups.
10. Destructive actions are protested by the social personality. He assists constructive or helpful actions.
11. The social personality helps others and actively resists acts which harm others.
12. Property is property of someone to the social personality and its theft or misuse is prevented or frowned upon.
The Basic Motivation
The social personality naturally operates on the basis of the greatest good.
He is not haunted by imagined enemies but he does recognize real enemies when they exist.
The social personality wants to survive and wants others to survive, whereas the antisocial personality really and covertly wants others to succumb.
Basically, the social personality wants others to be happy and do well, whereas the antisocial personality is very clever in making others do very badly indeed.
A basic clue to the social personality is not really his successes but his motivations. The social personality when successful is often a target for the antisocial and by this reason he may fail. But his intentions included others in his success, whereas the antisocial only appreciate the doom of others.
Unless we can detect the social personality and hold him safe from undue restraint and detect also the antisocial and restrain him, our society will go on suffering from insanity, criminality and war, and man and civilization will not endure.
Of all our technical skills in Scientology, such differentiation ranks the highest since, failing, no other skill can continue, as the base on which it operates-civilization-will not be here to continue it.
Do not smash the social personality-and do not fail to render powerless the antisocial in their efforts to harm the rest of us.
Just because a man rises above his fellows or takes an important part does not make him an antisocial personality. Just because a man can control or dominate others does not make him an antisocial personality.
It is his motives in doing so and the consequences of his acts which distinguish the antisocial from the social.
Unless we realize and apply the true characteristics of the two types of personality, we will continue to live in a quandary of who our enemies are and, in doing so, victimize our friends.
All men have committed acts of violence or omission for which they could be censured. In all mankind there is not one single perfect human being.
But there are those who try to do right and those who specialize in wrong and upon these facts and characteristics you can know them.
Social personalities are motivated by the desire to help others and do the greatest good for the greatest number. The bulk of humanity is composed of social personalities.
The antisocial personality
The social personality
Basic terms and definitions
Suggestions for Further Study